The passage “The Voice of the Devil” from William Blake’s The Marriage of Heaven and Hell,engages Moravian images, themes and ideas. According to Marsha Keith Schuchard in “Young William Blake and the Moravian Tradition of Visual Art, the theme that the word should “choose Fancy rather than Philosophy” because it is separate reason in philosophy that is harmful and it “makes us lose ourselves” (85). By using the set up for the voice of the devil with numbers it is set up like a philosophical argument or a logical proof. From the images shown in the scholarly article, I think 2. “Adam Kadmon” and 4. “Der Christen ABC (1750), frontispiece” most represented the chosen passage from The Marriage of Heaven and Hell. The reason for “Adam Kadmon” is because when you look at this image it evokes the contrary “Man has no body distinct from his soul for that call’d body is a portion of soul discerned by the five Senses, the chief inlets of soul in this age” (Blake 70) from the passage; this further dives into the theme of how “the Holy Spirit is female” where the soul is separate from the body and she being the mother of Jesus and the wife of God she is never spoken of (Schuchard 87). We tend to focus on the themes of God the father and Jesus with his crucifixion a bloody theme the Moravians focused on. Therefore, the focus of the soul being separate and not focused on would eliminate a central theme of bloodiness. The reason I believe 4. “Der Christen ABC (1750), frontispiece” is an image that best represents my chosen passage is because of the quote after this image which is “makes ethical and religious truths accessible to all” which relates to how in The Voice of the Devil, it is stated “Energy is the only life and is from the Body, and Reason is the bound or outward circumference of Energy” (Schuchard 90, Blake 70). Where the contraries are true whereas the beginning is false; therefore, invalid. By the image the theme of the energy is piercing through the sky with the bird falling. In my opinion the bird in the image is the devil falling from Heaven and losing his grace to become Satan in Hell.

-Alina Cantero


Schuchard, Marsha Keith. “Volume 40 · Issue 3.” Blake/An Illustrated Quarterly,